Wednesday, 25 July 2018

The most wonderful place to see in Peru - Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu In Peru, is an Incan
Citadel is established in the Andes Mountains, above the Urubamba River valley. It was Built in the 15th century, at the peak of the Incan Empire, this citadel mountain was later abandoned by the Incas which now famous for its refined dried stone walls that fuse large blocks without the use of mortar. The site existence was not known widely until it was discovered by the Yale University professor and archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911, The site can be reached only by foot, train or helicopter, Most visitors use train from nearby Cusco to go their.

"Peru-237 - Machu Picchu" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by archer10 (Dennis) 142M Views
1. In Indian language Quechua, the "Machu Picchu" means "old mountain" or "old crop".

2. Machu Picchu is composed of over 150 buildings ranging from houses and baths to sanctuaries and temples.

3. The compound has more than 100 different flights of stairs. Most individual staircases was made from a slab of stone.

4. Although many stones used to make the city were over 50 pounds, It is believed that there was no any transportation system to carry these heavy rocks on the mountain.

5. There are different hypothesis about the motive of making Machu Picchu are exist - the royal property and a secret ceremonial center are among them.

6. Incas was some of the finest masons in the world. This complex were made very well with the Ashlar technique, in this technique the stones are cut to fit together without mortar and even a knife or blade can't fit in between stones.

7. Machu Picchu was known locally only, until Yale University Professor Hiram Bingham did not search the site again in 1911. They described all his story about Machu Picchu in His book, The Lost City of the Incas.

8. A longstanding dispute on the artifacts collected by Bingham during the discovery of this site is present between Peru and Yale University, Yale said that they are the owner of that property while Peru insists that they was given on loan.

9. Machu Picchu was an astronomical observatory, and its holy intihautana stone perfectly indicates two equinoxes. Twice in a year, the sun sits straight over the stone and does not make any shade.

10. Sadly, most of the cities created by Inca civilization were demolished after the Spanish conquest. But, Machu Picchu was built in a hidden place which was not possible to easily find out, this thing makes it one of the best-preserved Inca cities and an archaeological gem.

How to reach to the Machu Picchu,

By Flight
The nearest airport of Machu Picchu is Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco (77.2 km).

By Bus
You can get a bus from Aguas Calientes to Macchu Pichu. There is a public bus departure area close to Plazaa Principal, which is the centre of the town and buses are available regularly. You can also book your bus tickets online from the official government website.

By Train
Perurail manages the trains from Cuzco to Machu Picchu. They offer 3 types of services to select from, with different prices. The trip normally takes 3.5 hours and you can book your tickets online. There are running 4 trains everyday and all depart early in the morning.

Best Time To Visit
June to August

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