Monday, 2 July 2018

Amazing architectural wonders of the ancient world

"Italy-0652 - Colosseum - Intro" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by archer10 (Dennis) 139M Views

The Colosseum, Italy

The Colosseum, also called as a Flavian Amphitheatre is an oval amphitheatre located in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of travertine, tuff, and concrete, this largest amphitheatre was built between 70 and 80 ad on the outskirts of the Roman forum as the flagship site of the Roman Empire.  This oval building had 80 entrances and having a seating capacity of approximately 50,000 spectators which used for holding gladiatorial contests, events and games. These events includes gladiatorial combats, wild animal hunts and ship battles! It remained in used for nearly 500 years and it has an entire underground passage of corridors, where the animals and gladiators were kept, nowadays, you can only see the surviving view of its outer wall, which has faced countless fires, earthquakes, and invasions.

"Chand Baori, One Of The Deepest Stepwell" (CC BY 2.0) by aqua.mech

Chand Baori, India

Chand Baori is a stepwell situated in the Abhaneri village of Rajasthan in India. It is one of the largest and beautifully constructed stepwells in the world. This is an architectural wonder built by King Chanda across the 9th century. This place is not an easy landmark to find and it is one of the hidden secrets of India!. There don’t anyone know, how this perfectly designed stepwell came to be. It has 3,500 narrow V-shape steps arranged in perfect balance, which descend 20m to the bottom of the well. This is about 64 ft deep and India's largest and deepest stepwells with 13 floors and was built for rain water harvesting in the 9th century. Stepwell is also called as a bawdi. Chand Baori is one of the most unique and mysterious construction in the world.

"Romeo and Juliet at the Pyramids" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by Liamfm

The Pyramids, Egypt

The most popular Egyptian pyramids are located in Giza, at the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. Some pyramids of Giza are counted amongst the biggest structures ever constructed in the world. At Giza, the Pyramid of Khufu is the largest Egyptian pyramid and only one of the Seven Wonders of the historical world still in existence. This oldest Pyramids in Egypt was built around the year 2630 B.C., experts have not been able to explain how the ancient Egyptians pyramids was built, these perfectly designed structure without using any technology only on physical strength. More than 100,000 labor worked over the years to build these mysterious tombs, which are still considered one of the unique structure ever made.

"Great Wall of China" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by Andi Gentsch

The Great Wall, China

The Great Wall of China is one of the Seven wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China is an ancient series of walls and fortifications, it is the longest wall in the world, more than 13,000 miles in length, located in northern China. The Great Wall of China is the most recognizable symbol of China. Its curving path over rugged nation and beautiful mountains takes in some great scenery. This greatest architecture feat in history, started as early as the 7th century B.C. and was continued by the different Chinese empire to protect their borders of the country from any attack. It took hundreds of years to complete the Great Wall, which is over 21,000 kilometers long. Millions of slave were forced to work on the wall and nearly one million lives were lost during its construction. This Great Wall of China is made with stone, brick and wood, this 2,000 year old wall still stands today and attracting millions of travelers around the world.

"Jordan-18B-038 - Attuf Ridge (view large" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by archer10 (Dennis) 139M Views

Al Khazneh Petra, Jordan

Al-Khazneh, one of the most elaborate temples in the historical Arab Nabatean kingdom town of Petra. The structure of most of the buildings in petra was carved into rose-colored stone, this amazing architectural engineering is one of the most unique in the world. It was originally constructed across the 1st century A.D., the sandstone carving is Greek structure from that time period. What makes it so impressive, even nowadays, is the intricate detail work that has, for the most part, remained intact. There are numerous legends surrounding the purpose for its construction, ranging from theories about it being a treasury for the Egyptian Pharaoh throughout the time of Moses, to it being a hiding spot for thieves to stash their stolen items. whatever the reason for its creation, its architectural beauty is indisputable.

"Borobudur, Indonesia" (CC BY 2.0) by Christopher.Michel

Borobudur, Indonesia

Borobudur (also called as Barabudur) is a 9th-century Buddhist temple in Magelang Regency, in central Java, Indonesia. it is the world's biggest Buddha temple. This ninth century wonderous construction is the largest in the world and also a UNESCO world heritage site, this great landmark contains over 500 Buddha statues and some very striking designs. It completed around the yr 825 A.D., and still a famous pilgrimage site. This huge and oldest temple of Buddha was actually lost under volcanic explosion, until it was rediscovered in the early 1800s.

"Aqueduct" (CC BY-SA 2.0) by a rancid amoeba

The Roman Aqueducts, Italy

The aqueducts were built by the ancient Romans around 145 B.C. and it used to carry water from outside sources into towns and cities. Aqueduct water provided for public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households. it also supported mining operations, milling, farms, and gardens. The genuinely fascinating component? The aqueducts work on gravity alone, which means that the structure is allowed the water to be siphoned. this is one of the earliest examples of engineering and quite an impressive one at that, specifically considering the lack of resources available at the time. The aqueducts still stand intact today. Many were long lost and forgotten, taken over by shrubs and vines, but a few are still visible in the same shape they had been thousands of years ago.

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