Tuesday, 21 July 2015

Mumbai Metro

Mumbai is capital of Maharashtra and the most economically developed state of India. It is among the largest cities in the world, and also it is the heart of commercial and trade activities of the country Mumbai, in mumbai 11 million people travel daily by public transport, Metro is serving rapid transist system to the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra in India. It is designed to reduce traffic congestion in the city, because the existing suburban rail system is under extreme pressure and existing role of the bus system is limited for providing feeder services to Suburban railways.
      MMRDA (Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority). appointed Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) for improving traffic and transportation scenario in Mumbai Metropolitan Region and to prepare the Master Plan for Mumbai Metro The master plan provides integration with Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Churchgate station, Bandra Terminus, and Mumbai central, International and the Domestic airports.
     The company said it will operate 200-250 services a day and carrying around 11 lakh passengers. Every colorful rakes with 4 coaches of the Metro will have a capacity of around 375 commuters and around 1,500 commuters per service, its run between the two city points Versova to Ghatkopar with a total of 12 elevated stations on route. Metro will reduce the travel time on 12-km line from Versova - Andheri - Ghatkopar corridor to 21 min it against one hour that it takes to cover the stretch by road. The Mumbai metro system will handle 7 lakh passenger per day and sometimes it goes up to 11 lakh. There will be as many as 250-260 services per day from Monday, when the trains start running from 5.30 am to midnight. Apart from tickets, metro passenger can also buy token for single journey or smart cards for regular journey, and the network will provide advance security systems and escalators at the stations.
     In phase II MMRDA has been planed to cover the 7.5 km charkop - dahisar route, ghatkopar - mulund route (12.5 km) and the BKC - Kanjurmarg via mumbai airport (19.5 km). Mumbai Metro Phase II will be executed in 2012-2017. In Mumbai Metro Phase III include the development of 18 km Andheri (East) - Dahisar (East) route, Flora Fountain - Ghatkopar route (21.8 km) and the underground section route. Mumbai Metro phase III will be executed in 2016 - 2021. Mumbai’s first Metro in its one year of operation has already become the eighth most dense Metro rail corridor in the world.
      The Maharashtra Security Force has been appointed for providing security at the stations. The earlier plan was to have Central Industrial Security Force guards, but it was turned down. The  cost of maintaining security personnel at Mumbai Metro stations is being borne by Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA). The contract for the Versova–Andheri–Ghatkopar corridor was awarded to the Mumbai Metro One Pvt Ltd (MMOPL), MMOPL is a joint venture company owned by Reliance Infrastructure, Veolia Transport and the MMRDA, in March 2007.
      The minimum and maximum fares on the line are ₹10 and ₹40 respectively and riders can pay their fare using tokens or refillable smart cards on metro station. The token must be purchased during off-peak hours and used within half an hour of purchase.


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